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What is the cause of pain in the back?
Lower back pain is not something you should be experiencing alone. Back pain can be a major reason that people have to see a doctor, or they may miss days of work. Back pain can strike even young children and is a leading cause worldwide of disability.
You are more likely to suffer from back pain as you age. The majority of Americans will experience some back pain in their lifetime. Only a few people may experience chronic back pain.
These people might find that Fremont Alameda chiropractic treatment can restore their lives.
What should I know concerning back pain
Back pain can be intense, ranging from a dull, constant feeling to sharp or shooting pain. It may develop gradually over time or can occur suddenly after an accident, lifting heavy items or a fall. Back pain can also be caused by too much exercise and not enough resistance to it.
Lower back – the area where most back discomfort occurs – includes the five vertebrae, also known as L1 to L5, in the lumbar. They support most of the weight on the upper body. Intervertebral discs are round rubbery cushions that act as shock absorbers in the spinal column. They cushion the bones and keep them from moving. Ligaments, which are bands of tissue that hold the vertebrae together, connect the muscles to their spinal column. Thirty-one pairs nerves are rooted within the spinal cord. They control the body’s movements and transmit information to the brain.
The majority of acute low-back pain is mechanical in nature. This refers to a disruption in how the back components (the spine, muscle, intervertebral discs, nerves) work together and move. These are just a few examples of mechanical causes for low back pain:
Ligament or muscle strain. Repeated, heavy lifting or an uncoordinated movement can lead to strains in the muscles and ligaments. Chronic strain on your spine can lead to painful muscle spasms in those who aren’t in good physical health.
Bulging disks or ruptured disks. Disks are cushions between the vertebrae in your spine. A disc’s soft material may bulge, burst, or press on a nerve. But, you don’t have to experience back pain if the disk becomes bulging or rupturing. When you have spine Xrays for another reason, disk disease can often be found.
Osteoarthritis could affect the lower back. In certain cases, arthritis can cause narrowing in the space around the spinal canal. This is known as spinal stenosis.
If your bones are porous and brittle, pain can result in painful fractures of the vertebrae.
If the cause is misuse or strain, symptoms of back pain are often temporary but can last for days to weeks.
If your back pain persists for more than 2 weeks, consult your doctor. Sometimes back pain may be a sign of a more serious medical condition.
After a serious illness has not been diagnosed, it is worth considering Chiropractic treatment.
Back pain: Professional and at-home remedies
Home treatment and self-care can help most back pain improve over time, often within a few days. Contact your doctor if your back pain:
- Persists for more than a few days
- This is a severe condition that doesn’t improve upon rest
- Spreads down one or both feet, especially if pain extends below knees
- Causes weakness, numbness or tingling in one leg or both
- Unexplained weight losses are common
Rarely, back pain may indicate a more serious medical condition. Seek immediate care if your back pain:
- New bowel, bladder or kidney problems
- It is accompanied by a fever
- You may sustain a blow to the back or fall.
You can rest after strenuous activity, but movement will help to reduce stiffness and pain, as well as prevent your muscles from weakening.
Numerous products are available to help with back pain. However, there isn’t any evidence that shoes inserts, back supports or specially designed furniture can provide relief.
It doesn’t appear there’s one mattress that’s the best for back pain. It will probably come down to which mattress feels the most comfortable.
Pain relief medication that is available over-the-counter (OTC), which are usually nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) can be used to relieve pain.
Opioids, which are stronger pain medication that can be prescribed for severe pain, are available. These medications include oxycodone (“OxyContin”) and a combination of hydrocodone (“Vicodin”) that affect the brain cells to reduce pain.
Although antidepressants such as amitriptyline may be prescribed, research continues on their effectiveness and evidence is mixed.
Cortisone injections – If other options do not work, these can be injected into an epidural space or around the spinal canal. Cortisone acts as an anti-inflammatory medication. It reduces inflammation at the nerve root. It may also be possible to inject injections to treat pain.
Botox. Botox (botulismtoxin) can paralyze spasming muscles by paralyzing them. According to early research, it is thought that Botox reduces pain. These injections last for approximately 3 to 4 months.
Traction: To stretch the back, weights and pulleys can be used. This could cause a herniated or bulging disk to shift back into the proper position. This can relieve your pain but only if you use traction.
Physical therapy: You can relieve pain by using heat, ice or ultrasound.
The chiropractor may offer flexibility and strength exercises to the back and abdominal muscles, depending on how severe the pain is. You may also find techniques to improve your posture.
For back pain prevention, the patient will be encouraged not to stop practicing the techniques after they have gone.
Experts believe TENS increases the body’s production endorphins which can block pain signals coming back to the brain. TENS has been studied in a variety of ways. Some studies found no benefits, while others showed that it could prove beneficial for some.
It is rare to perform surgery for back pain. It is very rare for a patient to have a herniated disk.
A chiropractor can provide long-term relief.
Causes Of Back Pain
Many times, back pain does not have a cause. A test or imaging study can help diagnose the problem. An experienced chiropractor will often be able pinpoint the cause.
These conditions are often associated with back pain:
Strained muscles can often cause back discomfort. Strain can be caused by inadvertently lifting heavy objects or making awkward movements.
Overactivity can also lead to strain. Strain can also be caused by overactivity.
Vertebrae is the interlocking bone structures that form the spine. Discs are a type of tissue that cushions the space between vertebrae. Disc injuries can cause back pain.
Herniated or bulging discs can cause pain. Sciatica is caused by a bulging disk pressing on the nerve which runs down your leg from your back. Sciatica may be felt in your leg:
Spinal osteoarthritis can also cause back pain. It can be caused by damage to or deterioration of the cartilage joints in your lower spine.
Osteoporosis is a condition that causes loss of bone density and thinning of the bone. This can cause small fractures in your vertebrae. These fractures can lead to severe pain and are known as compression fractures.
Although there are many possible causes for back pain, most of them are uncommon. If your back pain continues to persist, consult a doctor.
Even children and teenagers can suffer from back pain. These factors can increase your chances of suffering from back pain.
It can occur from injury, physical activity, and other medical conditions. For many reasons, back pain can affect anyone of any age. Due to factors like previous occupations and degenerative disc disease, the likelihood of developing lower back problems increases with age.
Lower back pain can be related to the bony spine, discs between vertebrae, ligaments surrounding the spine and discs and spinal cord and nerves.
Computer use can lead to a hunched posture that can cause shoulder and back problems.
Back pain symptoms
The most common symptom of back discomfort is a pain or ache in the back. Sometimes, it can even go all the way to the legs and buttocks.
How to prevent back pain
Regular exercise builds strength and controls body weight. Aerobic activities that are low-impact and guided can help improve your heart health. Talk to a healthcare professional before starting any exercise program.
Your abdominal and back muscles help you stay upright and support you during your daily activities. They can be strengthened to help reduce strain or pain in your back.
Include core-focused strength training in your workouts a few times per week.
What You Eat
You need to ensure that your diet contains enough vitamin D as well as calcium. A healthy diet can help control your body weight.
Smoking: Back pain incidences are significantly higher among smokers than in non-smokers.
How much weight you have and where it is located will affect your risk of developing back problems. It is significant that there is a difference in back pain risk for obese people and normal-weight people. A person who carries their weight in the abdominal rather than the buttocks/hip area is at greater risk.
Poor posture can place unnecessary pressure and strain upon your spine. This can cause injury and pain.
Standing: Keep your pelvis neutral. Balance your weight equally on both your feet and stand straight with your head up. Keep your legs straight. Your head should align with your spine.
When sitting, be sure to maintain a straight spine. A good working seat should offer good back support and armrests. Sitting should be done with your knees and hips straight. You can also keep your feet flat on a hard surface, such as a table or a stool. You should be able sit straight up with support at the side of your back. You should ensure that your elbows and forearms align with the keyboard.
Lifting should be done with care
To maintain balance, keep your back straight. Keep your feet as far apart as possible. Keep your knees bent, keep your weight close to your body and straighten your legs.
It is normal to bend your back at first. However, if you do, don’t stoop. Tighten your stomach muscles to pull your pelvis in. It is important to not straighten your legs when lifting. If you do, you will be using your back most of the time.
Do not lift or twist at the same. Keep your eyes fixed on the ground while lifting so your back looks straight ahead.
Moving things: It is safer for your back than to pull things.
Driving And Your Back
You need to ensure that your back is supported properly. You should ensure that the wing mirrors do not twist. The pedals should be directly in front your feet. It is a good idea to take breaks on long trips. Move around in the car.
When It’s Time For Bed
A mattress should support your back while also supporting your buttocks and shoulders. You should not force your neck into an awkward angle with a pillow.
Carrying Bags An Purses
Your neck and spine can be put under unnecessary strain by heavy briefcases, laptop bags and suitcases.
Use bags that have a more even weight distribution, such a backpack, to reduce the amount of things you need to transport. Use a bag with wheels if you are able to reduce the weight.
Back Pain Risk Factors
Back pain is often caused by problems in the way your spine joints, muscles, and discs fit together and move.
Age is an important factor. However, injuries, poor posture, diseases, and obesity can also cause low back problems.
Age: Low back pain usually starts between 30 and 50 years old. As you get older, the likelihood of experiencing back pain increases. Osteoporosis can cause fractures and decrease muscle tone and elasticity. With the passage of time, intervertebral Discs start to lose fluid flexibility and fluidity. This reduces their ability for cushioning the vertebrae. With age, the likelihood of spinal stenosis is also increasing.
As we age, the bones, ligaments, and discs of the spine can become less stable as we get older. All of us will experience this as part of our aging process. However, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you will be in pain.
As we get older, the discs within the spine become less dense and the spaces between the vertex become narrower. The edges of the vertebrae or facet joints may be surrounded by small bits of bone called osteophytes.
This condition is known medically as spondylosis. It’s very similar in appearance to osteoarthritis.
The impact of spondylosis will be lessened if the spine is kept flexible and the muscles surrounding the spine and pelvis are strong.
Fitness level: Back problems are more common in people who don’t exercise regularly. The spine may be not supported by weak abdominal and back muscles. Weekend warriors, who are people who exercise often after being inactive for the week, are more likely than those who do moderate activity to their back. Studies have shown that low-impact aerobic exercise can help preserve intervertebral disc integrity.
Weight gain: Obesity, rapid weight gain, and being overweight can cause stress to the back, which can lead to back pain.
Genetics: There are some causes of back pain such as ankylosing Spondylitis, which is a form of arthritis that involves the fusion of the spinal bones leading to some immobilization of the spine.
Factors relating to the job: If you have a job that requires you to lift, push, or pull heavy loads, including when your spine is twisting or vibrating, it can lead directly or indirectly, to back injury. Poor posture and sitting in a poor back support chair can all contribute to pain.
Backpack overload in children: A backpack stuffed with schoolbooks and other supplies can strain the back, causing muscle fatigue.
Your mental well-being can have an impact on the risk of backache. If you are stressed at work or suffer from depression and anxiety, your risk of developing back pain may be higher.
Weight Of Baby, Hormone Changes, Cause Back Stress
Back pain may occur during any of the trimesters of your pregnancy. There could be many reasons. You should talk to your doctor if you feel the pain is related to something else.
Your baby’s growth will cause your “gravity” to shift outwards. To make up the difference in balance, your spine will move outwards. This puts extra stress on your lower lumbar.
While weight gain can be healthy, even the small amount you will gain over the course of nine months can cause more strain on your back or core muscles.
As you prepare to have your baby, your body releases hormones which loosen the ligaments in your pelvis. These same hormones can cause spine bones to shift, leading to discomfort and even pain.
Your Spine Is Awesome
The spine (also called the backbone and spinal column) is the strongest part of the body. It gives us a lot flexibility and strength.
It’s comprised of 24 bones known as vertebrae. These are the ones that sit on top of each other. These bones are supported with strong ligaments and muscles and have discs between. There are also bones in the tailbone that run down the back. They are fused together without any discs.
There are many small joints on each side of your spine that run from top-to-bottom. These are called the facet joint.
The spinal chord connects to your brain via the base bone of your skull. Other nerves link to your body via spaces between the spine bones. These nerves are also known by the term nerve roots.